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Lyon began teaching in Massachusetts country schools in in order to finance her own further education. At Byfield she formed a close friendship with Zilpah Grant , one of her teachers. She taught for three years at Sanderson Academy before opening a school of her own in Buckland in In she ed the Ipswich school full-time. Through these years of teaching she nursed a growing conviction that the education of women, which in the early years of the 19th century depended on the luck and skill of entrepreneurial teachers or on the whims of occasional male benefactors , should be placed on a firm and permanent basis.
She and Grant failed to secure an endowment for the Ipswich school or to win support for a projected New England Female Seminary for Teachers. Nonetheless, her conviction led her in to undertake the raising of funds for a school devoted to the liberal education of women.
Her aim was to make such an education available to students of moderate means by having the students share in the domestic work of the school and to make it of such a calibre that even the wealthy should not find better. With enthusiasm and an indomitable spirit as well as considerable tact and diplomacy she secured the necessary financial support for her plan.
A charter was obtained in , and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary opened for classes at South Hadley, Massachusetts, on November 8, , with about 80 students. It was an immediate success, and some applicants were turned away in for lack of space. The cause of female education had entered a new era. Lyon served as the principal of Mount Holyoke for 12 years, during which time the curriculum was expanded and new buildings were added. In she published A Missionary Offering.
The school became Mount Holyoke Seminary and College in and Mount Holyoke College in , and it remained one of the leading institutions of higher learning for women in the United States. Mary Lyon. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires . External Websites. Mount Holyoke College - Mary Lyon. See all media. Born: February 28, Massachusetts Show more Founder: Mount Holyoke College Show more.
Full Article. Britannica Explores Women Trailblazers. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. There she established a rigorous three-year course with examinations required for promotion from one grade to the next, a diploma being awarded for successful completion of the course.
Educator Mary Lyon founded it as Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in and served as its first principal until her death in Though it was never owned by a religious group, the school was early associated with New England Congregationalism. The Mount Holyoke College Art…. South Hadley, town township , Hampshire county, south-central Massachusetts, U. It lies along the Connecticut River.
Settled in as part of Hadley, it was recognized as a separate precinct in , incorporated as a district in , and reincorporated as a town in South Hadley…. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Looking for a Ipswich educated woman
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